Eyecare Prevention Schedule
Prevention and early detection can ensure a good quality of sight and, therefore, a better quality of life.
Eye care appointments
At birth or within the first 4 weeks
An examination of the eye is absolutely necessary in the following cases:
- prematurely-born babies, who could develop ROP (Retinopathy Of Prematurity)
- babies who have family members suffering from retinoblastoma, congenital glaucoma, infantile cataract, retinal dystrophy/degeneration or systemic diseases associated with ocular problems
- in case of any opacity of the dioptric media (cornea and lens)
- in case of a rhythmic involuntary eye movement (nystagmus).
In all these circumstances it is recommended that the first eye examination is carried out by an ophthalmologist.
Between birth and the first 6 months
We recommend a first eye check-up to exclude malformations and/or congenital pathologies. This first exam should include the red reflex test or Bruckner's test to diagnose possible congenital cataracts and, in the case of children born at term, it can also be carried out by the paediatrician or family doctor.
Around 3 years
We recommend an examination designed to assess the morphological and functional harmonic development of the eyes.
The paediatrician or family doctor can verify the correct development of vision and ocular alignment, but whenever possible we recommend having this check-up carried out by an ophthalmologist, orthoptist or by a health care professional specifically trained in visual examination in pre-school age, particularly in the case of children with delayed neurodevelopment.
A first test of visual acuity can also be performed at this age, but only in cooperative children, an aptitude which generally develops when the child is between two and a half and three years old.
Examinations in school-aged children
It is recommended to carry out a first full visual acuity test before 5 years of age, or at least within the first few years of schooling, to promptly diagnose any refractive error (myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism) or ocular motility disorders. All children who show signs of difficulty or eye strain should be examined as soon as possible by an ophthalmologist.
SIFI proposes a range of nutritional supplements formulated specifically to ensure adequate dietary intake at all stages of ocular growth and development.
Between 25 and 40 years
If there are no symptoms of ocular diseases, an eye examination on average every 5 years should suffice.
After 40 years
In healthy people an eye examination every two to three years should suffice, during which the ophthalmologist probably will look for, around 45 years, the onset of physiological presbyopia.
More frequent checks are recommended in patients suffering from myopia which could cause retinal degenerative processes.
Over 50 years old
After 50 years you should have at least once a year an eye examination complete with tonometry and optic papilla exam to detect early onset of glaucoma, a severely debilitating disease that can remain symptomless until severe and permanent damage to vision has already started.
Special attention to eye care must be paid by people who have high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. In these cases, checks must be more frequent in order to diagnose as early as possible any retinal and/or vitreous degenerations and particularly the onset of diabetic retinopathy.
In this age group it is very important, even in the absence of symptoms, to undergo a thorough examination of the back of the eye to diagnose in the early stages the possible onset of AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration).
Over 65 years old
In this age group the checks should be annual or, even better, timetabled according to the advice of the ophthalmologist who will give an indication on a specific case-by-case basis. The aim must be to early diagnose and treatment of any eye pathologies that have the highest incidence in the age group over 65: cataract, AMD, glaucoma, vitreous degenerations, dry eye syndrome and many more.
Fortunately, today thanks to the help of qualified specialists many eye diseases can be prevented and treated, ensuring a good quality of sight that is a primary condition to lead an active and dynamic life.
SIFI proposes a range of nutritional supplements formulated specifically to ensure adequate dietary intake to maintain eye health at all stages of our life.